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2014年GCT考试英语真题

作者:xygjy | 分类:GCT考试真题 | 标签:2014年GCT考试语文真题 GCT英语真题 

第四部分 外语运用能力测试(英语)

  (50题,每题2分,满分100分,考试时间45分钟)

  Part One Vocabulary and Structure

   Directions: There are ten incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that best completes the sentence. Mark your answer on the ANSWER SHEET with a single line through the center.

  1. We interview ten_______but did not find anyone suitable.

  A. candidates B. partners

  C. companions D. opponents

  2. The customs officer_______him open his three suitcases.

  A. urged B. asked

  C. made D. forced

  3. We all questioned_______accurate the result was.

  A. what B. how

  C. why D. however

  4. It wouldn’t do you any _______to work a bit harder.

  A. hurt B. harm

  C. injury D. wound

  5. I need new heels on these shoes; the present ones are _______.

  A. taken down B. kept down

  C. knocked down D. worn down

  6. This instrument, _______and operating next year, will consist of

  A. completing B. completed

  C. to be completed D. to complete

  7. She lost her balance and if she hadn’t supported herself.

  A. would have fallen B. fell

  C. would fall D. had fallen

  8. The radical policy was rejected a more cautious one.

  A. in favor of B. in spite of

  C. in time of D. in honor of

  9. I can’t tell you how I am to you for having listened to me.

  A. useful B. helpful

  C. faithful D. grateful

  10. Bats are long-lived creatures, a life-expectancy of around 20 years.

  A. some have B. some having

  C. some of which having D. some of them have

  Part Two Reading Comprehension

   Directions: In this part there are three passages and one table, each followed by five questions or unfinished statements. For each of them, there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the best one and mark your answer on the ANSWER SHEET with a single line through the center.

  Questions 11-15 are based on the following passage:

  Passage One

   Many people start relationships because of loneliness. Loneliness and being alone are not synonymous. Loneliness is a state of painful isolation, of feeling cut off from friends and family. Being alone, a state of solitude (独处), can be quite desirable most of the time, since it allows us to work, study, live, or reflect on the world around us. Solitude is usually a matter of choice; loneliness is not.

   Lonely people tend to spend a lot of time by themselves, eat dinner alone, spend weekends alone, and participate in few if only any social activities. They are unlikely to date. Some lonely people report having many friends, but a closer look suggests that these “friendships” are shallow. Lonely people are unlikely to share confidences. Loneliness tends to peak during adolescence (青春期). This is when most young people begin to replace family ties with peer relationships. Loneliness is quite often connected with feeling of depression and with a feeling of being “sick at heart”.

  Loneliness is even reported among some married people. In one of the recent studies, lonely wives tended to feel less liking and love for their partners and expressed less satisfaction with their married life. Lonely husbands reported less liking for their wives and less intimacy in their relationship.

  11. The topic of the first paragraph is .

  A. isolation and pain

  B. solitude and loneliness

  C. how to begin relationships

  D. intentional choice of staying alone

  12. The word “synonymous” (Para.1) is closest in meaning to .

  A. similar B. relevant C. different D. unknown

  13. Which of the following is discussed in Paragraph 2?

  A. How loneliness usually gets started.

  B. Why lonely people often feel depressed.

  C. What lonely people want in general.

  D. How lonely people usually behave.

  14. According to Paragraph 2, adolescence is a period in life when .

  A. teenagers begin to form a closer tie with peers

  B. young people become less disciplined

  C. young people break their family ties

  D. most teenagers feel lonely and depressed

  15. According to a recent study, loneliness .

  A. is often found among adults

  B. bring unpleasant effects to marriage

  C. is a matter of personal choice

  D. bring a closer family relationship

  Questions 16-20 are based on the following passage:

  Passage Two

   Now, one biggest summertime question has been answered: Why do people look so much better in sunglasses? Vanessa Brown, a senior lecturer of art and design at Nottingham Trent University, gave an inside look into the connection between shades and sex appeal.

  According to Brown, sunglasses do a wide variety of positive things. They make up for any asymmetries (不对称), which relates directly to research proving that symmetrical faces are the most attractive ones. If you put on a pair of sunglasses, the lenses will instantly create a perfectly symmetrical face. Sunglasses also create the appearance of a defined bone structure on top of a relatively soft face. Additionally, people often form quick judgments about others by looking into their eyes. Through eye contact, we can determine someone’s confidence, sincerity and intelligence. If those eyes are shielded, though a person is automatically unreadable.

   We take them for granted today, but sunglasses are a relatively modern everyday accessory (饰件). Sales started to pick up in the 1920s, but they didn’t become commonplace until about two decades after that. In their early days sunglasses were primarily used during risky water and snow sports, and were also associated with new technologies like airplane travel, which made them seem “daring and thoroughly modern”.

   Later, Hollywood stars of the 1950s and 60s started wearing sunglasses to defend themselves from being recognized by the public or harassed by paparazzi (狗仔队). Movie stars’ adoption of the accessory strengthened the link between sunglasses and appeal.

  16. Sunglass makes us look appearing by _____.

  A. covering our tiredness

  B. creating a softer face

  C. protecting our eyes

  D. improving our facial appearance

  17. According to Paragraph 3, people in sunglasses would look_____.

  A. smart B. mysterious C. proud D. confident

  18. Sunglasses began to be popular in the______.

  A. 1920s B. 1940s C. 1950s D. 1960s

  19. The example of sportsman shows that______.

  A. they over-emphasized the role of sunglasses

  B. the public are eager to follow them

  C. sunglasses create a desirable image

  D. sunglasses protect people from harassment

  20. The passage is mainly written to______.

  A. explain why sunglasses improve appearance

  B. demonstrate how to make better use of sunglasses

  C. introduce the major functions of sunglasses

  D. describe the evolution of sunglasses

  Questions 21-25 are based on the following passage:

  Passage Three

   A cup of tea is almost a symbol of British culture. As a nation, we are well known for our strong liking for this particular hot drink, especially if it is accompanied by some cake or biscuits. Here are some facts about tea drinking habits in the UK.

  1)There is no real tea time

   All around the world, everyone thinks that British people drink tea every day at 5 o’clock in the afternoon. In reality, we drink tea at every hour of the day, from the minute we get up to the last thing before going to bed. Of course it’s quite likely that a British person will drink tea around the middle of the afternoon, but it’s also common to drink it with breakfast.

  2) The perfect partner : scones

   Scones are a simple kind of cake, slightly sweet and usually served with jam and cream. They are excellent with tea. In fact, if you order a “cream tea” in the UK, you’ll get a teapot accompanied by a plateful of these little treats. Delicious!

  3) Milk in tea

  British people nearly always put milk in their tea. This seems strange to people from other European countries, who would rather drink their tea without adding anything to it. In British, people add a certain quantity of milk depending on taste and the tea ends up being opaque (不透明) and brown instead of clear. People are always shocked when I say that I prefer coffee to tea. Tea really is part of our cultural identity, whether we like it or not!

  21. According to the passage, British people are well known for .

  A. their unique cake and biscuits

  B. Their particular drinking habits

  C. their passion for tea

  D. the love of their own culture

  22. People tend to believe that British tea time is .

  A. at any time of the day

  B. at breakfast time

  C. before going to bed

  D. late in the afternoon

  23. A typical “cream tea” in the UK .

  A. usually goes with scones

  B. is a special kind of cake

  C. is a slightly sweet drink

  D. includes a teapot as a gift

  24. According to the passage, people from other European countries .

  A. take tea as their culture identity

  B. prefer cream tea to coffee

  C. seldom add anything to their tea

  D. like to add milk to their tea

  25. What is this passage mainly about?

  A. British tea history. B. British eating habits.

  C. British tea time. D. British tea culture.

  Questions 26-30 are based on the following chart:

  Passage Four

  26. What can be said as an overview of the chart?

  A. There has been little population change over decades.

  B. The aged population will continue to grow.

  C. Most American can live longer in 2020 than today.

  D. The growth rate of aged people is slowing down.

  27. What was true of the situation in 2000?

  A. The total number of aged people had dropped.

  B. The total number of aged people remained unchanged.

  C. The number of people aged 65-74 had grown.

  D. The number of people aged 75-84 had increased.

  28. From 1980 to 2010, which age group had the highest growth rate?

  A. Aged 65-74. B. Aged 75-84. C. Aged over 85. D. Aged under 65.

  29. What was the total aged population in 2010?

  A. 30 million. B. 40 million. C. 33 million. D. 45 million.

  30. Which decade sees the sharpest increase in population between 65-74?

  A. 1980s. B. 2000s. C. 1990s D. 2010s.

  Part Three Cloze Directions:

   There are ten blanks in the following passage. For each numbered blank, there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the best one and mark your answer on the ANSWER SHEET with a single line through the center.

  Imagine a product that can be used as medicine, a cleaning agent, and a beauty treatment. You can eat it, drink its juice, and 31 essential oil from it. It is available all over the world, and is inexpensive. You may even have one in your kitchen 32 . What is it? The lemon!

  It is thought that lemons 33 in Southeast Asia. From 34 they were gradually carried westward, toward the Mediterranean. Lemon trees thrive in mild 35 , which is why they grow so well in places like Italy, Mexico, Spain, and even parts of Africa and Asia. A mature tree, depending on the variety and location, can produce 36 from 200 to a staggering 1,500 lemons a year. The cultivated varieties 37 in different periods, making it possible to harvest lemons year-round.

  You don’t need lots of space to grow a lemon tree. Even a sunny balcony (阳台) is enough, 38 small lemon trees can be grown in pots and can make your house beautiful. They like sunny, wind-free spots where they can soak up the warmth, 39 against a wall. However, if the temperature drops a lot during the winter, they need to be 40 or brought indoors.

  31. A. occupy B. examine C. obtain D. exchange

  32. A. right now B. on time C. in time D. just now

  33. A. rooted B. emerged C. appeared D. originated

  34. A. where B. which C. when D. there

  35. A. weather B. climates C. land D. soil

  36. A. anywhere B. elsewhere C. everywhere D. nowhere

  37. A. sow B. plant C. harvest D. bloom

  38. A. when B. while C. as D. though

  39. A. likely B. preferably C. probably D. literally

  40. A. covered B. closed C. buried D. packed

  Part Four Dialogue Completion

   Directions: In this part, there are ten short incomplete dialogues between two speakers, each followed by four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that most appropriately suits the conversational context and the best completes the dialogue. Mark your answer on the ANSWER SHEET with a single line through the center.

  41. A: I ordered a book from you last Saturday. It hasn’t arrived yet.

  B: Please tell me the serial number on your order sheet. .

  A. You won’t regret it B. Trust me

  C. I promise D. I’ll run a check for you

  42. A: You seem to be having some problem.

  B: I’ll manage.

  A. Are you sure? B. I’m afraid not.

  C. It’s all right. D. Is it so?

  43. A: Well, you told me to soak it in hot water.

  B: I told you to dip it in warm water.

  A. You did, you know. B. No, I didn’t!

  C. That’s what I said! D. That’s true.

  44. A: I don’t know what we’d have done if you hadn’t come along.

  B: . It was the least I could do.

  A. It’s very good B. It works well

  C. Don’t mention it D. I’m not sure

  45. A: Excuse me, sir, but could I ask you a quick question?

  B:

  A. Sure, What is it? B. Yes, you are so kind.

  C. Take it easy. D. Give me a break.

  46. A: We have to say bye now. I wish you a pleasant journey.

  B:

  A. You can count on me. B. Thanks. Take care.

  C. The same here. D. Yes, you said it.

  47. A: It must feel great to be almost finished with school. At least you can see the light at the end of the tunnel.

  B:

  A. That goes without saying. B. Who can tell?

  C. You can say it again. D. That’s not saying much.

  48. A: A button came off my shirt and was lost.

  B: Many shirts come with an extra button.

  A: You’re right.

  A. Let’s see if it has one.

  B. I’ll sew it on.

  C. Forget it!

  D. That’s a good idea.

  49. A: Something must be wrong with my computer. All I get is a black screen.

  B: Will you lose all your files?

  A: .

  A. It sure is, but I’ll call the service

  B. I won’t let it go

  C. No, I always back up my files

  D. I’ll do my best

  50. A: I can’t believe it’s so hot. I think I’m dying from the heat. It’s not even noon yet.

  B: _______

  A. That means it will get even hotter?

  B. I’m sure I will die from it.

  C. Will you please turn on the air conditioner?

  D. What will happen then?

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